Single Use Plan & Standing Plan In Management
Types Of Plan In Management
Plan is a commitment to a particular course of action for achieving specific results. These are a number of plans for achieving different goals. Managers normally commit mistakes when taking a major programme. But a number of future courses are also planned.
These plans may be classified according to origin use, response kind etc. Some of the plans are in the form of a Single Use Plan while others are a Standing Plan.
Single Uses are used only once not over and again whereas standing plans are raised again & again.
What Is a Single Use Plan In Management?
These plans are made for handling non-recurring problems. They are also known as specific plans since they are meant to solve a particular problem. These plans are formulated to handle non-repetitive and unique problems.
It cannot be used again and again. It becomes absolute after its purpose has been achieved. The examples of these plans are projects, budgets, programmes etc.
Types of Single Use Plan
A programme is a sequence of activities designed to implement policies and accomplish objectives. Separate programmes are prepared for accomplishing different tasks. It is action based and result oriented.
According to Koontz and O’Donnell programmes, procedures, rules, task assignment resources to be employed and other elements necessary to carry out a given course of action.
A project may be defined as a complex bunch of related activities with a distinct objective. Projects can be isolated and taken-up for completion of a package. It may involve the instructions of large automatic plans buildings, dams etc. The execution of the project is put under the change of a project manager.
A budget is a financial statement or quantitative statement prepared prior to a definite period of time of the policy to be pursued. A budget forces an enterprise to make in advance numerical statements of expected cash flow expenses and revenues. There are different types of budgets on the basis of time, function and flexibility.
What Is a Standing Plan In Management?
Standing Plans are made to be used time and again. These plans are formulated to guide managerial decisions and actions on problems which are recurring in nature. Standing Plans are also called repeated use plans. This plan not only helps in coordination but in effective management also.
Standing Plans help the organisation in following ways.
1.Standing Plans help in achieving coordination in the enterprise. These plans bring consistency, uniformity and unity in effort.
2..Senior executives are able to delegate their work to subordinates since procedures, rules, regulation etc have been led down for taking decisions.
3.Standing Plans facilitate better administrative controls. They provide a rational basis for evaluating the result of various efforts.
4.Standing Plans are formed after a lot of thinking, discussion and arrangement. So this plan helps in quick decision making.
5.This plan helps in achieving goals even if they are not right, complete or multi-dimensional decisions.
Types Of Standing Plan
Policies are general limits or guidelines within which the members of the enterprise act. They are the general statement or understanding which guide, thinking and action. Policies exist at various levels of the enterprise.
They are valuable because they allow lower management to handle problems without going to the top management for decisions. Policies provide broad guidelines as to how objectives of the business are to be achieved.
Characteristic Of Policies
- Policy is an expression of Interaction of top management.
- Policy is stated in broad terms.#Policy is long lasting.
- Policy is developed with active participation of top management.
- Policy should be in writing.
Procedures are a systematic way of handling regular events. They are the actions or guidelines for the achievements of business objectives. It is situated in terms of steps to be followed in carrying out certain kinds of work.
Procedures should be distinguished from policies. A procedure is a guide of action whereas a policy is a guide to thinking policies are guidelines for taking decisions whereas procedures are the various methods to accomplish them.
Difference between Single Use Plan & Standing Plan In Management
Standing Plans is made to meet a situation which is of recurring in nature,
Whereas Single Use Plans which are specific in nature and are used for particular purposes.
Standing Plan is used from time to time whereas, Single use plans used for a specific purpose.
The Standing Plan is made to achieve uniformity and unity of efforts, whereas the Single Use Plan is made to solve a particular situation.
The examples of repetitive use Plans are Policies, Procedures, methods and rules, whereas the examples of single use plans are programmes, project, budget etc.