What Are The Measures Taken To Reduce Poverty By Indian Government

Measures Taken To Reduce Poverty By Indian Government

In this page we discussed about the measures taken to reduce poverty by the Indian Government

Reduction of poverty has been the biggest challenge for the Indian government. The Indian government is dealing with two methods for reducing poverty – Promote economic growth of the country and Launch poverty Alleviation Schemes/ programmes.

Also readWhat Is Poverty In India and It’s Causes?

The measure taken to reduce poverty by the Government for regarding the poverty classified into following categories. They are Employment generation programmes, programmes related to acquisition of productive assets and other programmes related to reduction of poverty.

1.Integrated Rural Development Programme

This programme was firstly introduced in 1978-79 and universalized from October 2nd 1980. The main motive of this programme is to provide subsidies to the rural poor workers on the bank credit/ loan. It provides bank loans for productive work opportunities through better periods of plans.

2.Employment Assurance Scheme

This scheme was launched in 1993 many for the desert, hill and tribal area. In the year 1997-98, it extended to several other area. The main aim of this scheme was for creating employment opportunity when there is no manual work or agricultural season.

3.Jawahar Rozgar Yojana / Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana ( JGSY)

Under Jawahar Rozgar Yojana (JRY) two new schemes were merged in the year 1989 they are Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme (RLEGP) and National Rural Employment Programme (NREP). The main aim of this scheme was to generate work in unemployed rural areas by creating economic infrastructure and community.

4.National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS)

NBFS was firstly started in 1995 under the community and rural department. And it was sponsored by the State Government. This scheme provides a certain amount to a member of a family who becomes the head of the family after the death of its primary scheme owner family member.

5.Rural Housing or Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana (PMGAY)

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana is a Government flagship programme for providing housing for the Indian poor rural family in village area. A similar scheme for urban poor families was launched in the year 2015 named as Housing For All.

For all BPL population in India a similar programme was launched by former PM Rajiv Gandhi Called as Indira Awaas Yojana which was one of the major flagship programmes in India for poor families in rural areas.

6.Food For Work Programme

This programme was launched in the year 2000 and it was started as a component of EAS. This programme started with the same major drought-affected states like Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Gujrat, Chhattisgarh and Uttaranchal. The main aim of this programme is to enhance food security through employment.

7.Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana

The new Sampoorna Gramin Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) scheme was first started in the year 2001. This scheme was the mix of EAS, Food for work programme and old JGSY scheme. The main motive of this scheme is to enhance wage employment and creation of good economic infrastructure in rural areas of India.

8.National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS)

NOAPS scheme was firstly introduced or into effect from the year 1995. The primary motive of this scheme was to provide pension to old people above 60. This scheme is provided by the Central Govt. Of India for old age people above 60. This scheme is implemented by the Gram Panchayat and Municipalities.

9.Swarna Jayanti Gram Sworozgar Yojana (SGSY)

This scheme was introduced in India in the year 1999. This scheme’s main motive is to encourage or promote self employment and remove poverty from rural areas.

10.Swarna Jayanti Sahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY)

This scheme is introduced for the urban poor area people. This scheme aims to promote self employment and introduce wage employment in urban areas.

11.Pradhan Manti Gramodaya Yojana (PMGY)

This scheme was launched in the year 2001. The main aim of this scheme is to give bank credit to villagers for purchasing milk producing cattle and conventional loans to start small shops and cottages. And the Government provides some subsidy over interest to scheme holders.

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