In order to achieve the objective of Universal Health Coverage (U-H-C), a flagship scheme of the Government of India “Ayushman Bharat” was launched as recommended by the National Health Policy 2017. The initiative is designed to meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and its underlying commitment that “no one is left behind.”
“Ayushman Bharat” is an attempt to move away from the regional and fragmented approach of healthcare delivery,towards a comprehensive and expected healthcare delivery, The objective of this scheme is to address the health care system (Prevention, Promotion and Ambulatory Care) in a holistic manner at primary, secondary and tertiary level.
Ayushman Bharat is a big step towards affordable healthcare.Good health and wellbeing for people is one of UN Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. The existing primary health care system in the country covers about 15 percent of people’s health needs in India. Public health action for preventive or promotive health has also been limited. There is also a need for care for non-communicable diseases like hypertension, diabetes, lung diseases and common cancers, mental health, care for the aged, adolescent health and so on.
Against this backdrop and with a view to building a strong next generation primary health-care system in order to build a healthier India, the Government of India has recently launched the country’s largest ever health programme called Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission in the Union Budget 2018-19. It is billed as the world’s largest government-funded healthcare programme and is expected to bring a paradigm shift in the health sector.
Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission can subsume the on-going centrally sponsored schemes – Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and also the grownup insurance theme (SCHIS). The scheme has two-fold objectives. One, it aims to roll out comprehensive primary health care with a nationwide network of 1.5 lakh Health Wellness Centres (HWCs) by transforming the existing health care centres in the country. Two, it aims to produce a health cowl of Rs five hundred thousand per family per annum for hospital care in secondary and tertiary care facilities.
It aims to focus on over ten large integer families happiness to poor and vulnerable population supported Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC) information. About 50 crore individuals are likely to be benefitted by this highly ambitious health scheme. Benefits covered under it include pre and post-hospitalisation expenses.
The single most characteristic of the scheme will be based on effective participation by states thereby building cooperative federalism. For giving policy directions and fostering coordination between Centre and States, it’s projected to line up Ayushman India National Health Protection Mission Council (AB-NHPMC) at apex level Chaired by Union Health and Family Welfare Minister. The scheme will be running on a robust IT platform which will make it operational on a paperless and cashless transaction. Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Mission Agency (AB – NHPMA) at the national level and State Health Agency (SHA) at the states and UT level are designed to implement the scheme.
To conclude, a healthy India is a wealthy India. Ayushman Bharat – an unprecedented national venture to make India healthier may be a blessed one for the country. If not hindered by corruption and political apathy, the scheme will definitely make every Indian live longer and healthier
Benefits of Ayushman Bharat Scheme
Ayushman Bharat Yojana is a very commendable scheme, which will provide good treatment especially to the weak of money.
Poor people could not get good treatment due to lack of good hospitals in villages and towns and urban
hospitals being too expensive. People associated with this scheme will be provided insurance of 5 lakhs so that they will be able to get good treatment.
Along with this, the health services of our country will be
improved through the Ayushman Bharat scheme and the number of hospitals and centers will be increased.
Under this scheme, an amount of ? 500 will be provided especially to TB patients.
Employment has also increased due to this scheme. Due to the opening of clinics and hospitals, the demand for employees, doctors, nurses has
increased, due to which employment has also increased.